The Alder Hey TRANSMIT Sheet

A structured handover sheet for paediatric inpatients, designed and validated in Alder Hey Children's Hospital to improve the quality of written information available to out of hours staff.

The handover process in paediatric intensive care, paediatric cardiac surgery, and at the interface of primary and secondary care (both admission and discharge) have been examined, but not medical paediatric in-patients. This group are significantly different to critical care patients, since the number of patients who are being handed over is significantly higher, with a greater range of potential problems.

The TRANSMIT sheet presented here is a structured handover sheet for paediatric inpatients, designed and validated (see attached publication) in Alder Hey Children’s Hospital, that improved the quality of written information available to out of hours staff, including information about medications.


It is a single page summary to be completed for each patient by the relevant paediatric team(s) providing care during the week, and filed in the medical notes before the weekend/holiday/when necessary.

It replaces the ward round entry in the notes usually taken by the medical team (to ensure that additional workload has not been placed on busy clinicians) and provides prompts to the completing team to improve the quality of information handed over.

It contains sections for tasks to be undertaken (e.g. blood tests), and anticipated problems that may occur over the weekend.


There are several areas of the TRANSMIT sheet where this tool can help improve medication safety:

  • Medication plan – an opportunity for the team to let the on call staff know details of the medication plan (such as, stop antibiotics after x doses).
  • A reminder to the team handing over to ensure there is a full prescription sheet written for the weekend, so that some of the menial tasks (that can affect patient care) are reduced out of hours.
  • Intravenous access – the opportunity to spell out if a transition from IV to oral medication can be tried if the cannula tissues/comes out – or if maintenance of IV therapy is required (perhaps, guidance to just use IM antibiotics in some cases). This can reduce unnecessary cannulas in children, while avoiding the premature conversion of IV to oral in those not ready for it.


Pre-implementation: A prospective evaluation of case notes of paediatric patients (n=119) was undertaken for a) an accurate problem list (compiled within the previous 72 hours), b) a written plan for the weekend team (including anticipated problems). Only 67/119 (56%) case notes included a recent and accurate problem list, and 75/119 (63%) had a weekend plan.

The team electronically developed the sheet, trying to capture all the pertinent information which, following discussion with senior consultants, was adopted straight away. The categories for the title were refined by discussion amongst the group – the acronym flowed from the final areas to be included.

Suggestions for Further Implementation

This version was designed for paediatric medical patients, but is used across various specialties in our Trust. It could be altered to be more useful in other paediatric specialties.

This was a grass roots programme, led by junior doctors, to improve patient care. As it had the buy in of those using it, support from the consultant body, and led to improvements in the way children were looked after – it was very straightforward to implement.

Post-implementation: Two months after implementation, a prospective re-audit of 111 case notes showed 91/111 (82%) now included an accurate problem list, and 84/111 (76%) had weekend plans. Qualitative assessment by the junior doctors also showed it was liked and well used – see accompanying publication.

The project was approved by our local Trust.

It was published in BMJ Quality Improvement Reports 2013; u202302.w1137 doi:10.1136/bmjquality.u202302.w1137


Project Lead: Dr Dan Hawcutt, Senior Lecturer Paediatric Pharmacology; Dr Charlotte Durand, Consultant in Paediatric Emergency Medicine; Dr Fulya Mehta, Consultant General Paediatrician; Dr Ian Sinha, Consultant Respiratory Paediatrician; Dr Matthew Christopherson, Consultant Intensivist, Dr Julie Green

Organisation: Alder Hey Children’s Hospital and University of Liverpool

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